ايضاهنا نعرف الاجانب بالعقيدة الاسلامية الصحيحة بعيدا عما يقدموه لهم من تشويش
من خلال ترجمة كتاب العقيدة للشيخ عبد العزيز بن باز المترجم ابو حمزة
The Authentic Creed and Invalidators of Islam[/]
Shaikh Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz[/]
(may Allaah have mercy on him)[/]
All praise is due to Allah, and Allah's Peace and Blessings be upon His Final Messenger, his pure family, his noble Companions, and all those who follow them with righteousness until the Day of Judgment.
In view of the fact that the true 'Aqidah, or creed, is the foundation of Islam, I have decided on ' The Authentic Creed and the Invalidators of Islam as a title for the present treatise. It is evident from texts of the Noble Qur’aan and the Sunnah that a person's words and deeds will not be accepted unless they emanate from a true creed. If the creed is not authentic, all words and deeds emanating there from are bound to be rejected. The Qur'aan says:
"And whosoever disbelieves in Faith then, fruitless is his work and in the Hereafter he will be among the losers." (Soorah 5:5)
"And indeed it has already been revealed to you, as it was to those before you, that if you join others with Allah in worship, then surely all your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers." (Soorah 39:65)
The Verses to this effect are numberless.
The Qur’aan and the Prophetic traditions clearly state that the true creed is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and Al-Qadar (Divine Destiny), the good of it and the bad of it. These six articles constitute the basis of the true creed with which Allah sent His Book and with which He sent His Messenger Muhammad r .
These articles also include all aspects of Al-Ghaib (Unseen World), or in which a Muslim should believe. They also include all that which Allah and His Messenger have informed us thereof. The evidence of these articles come from many Verses of the Qur’aan as well as Prophetic traditions. The following are but a few examples. Allah says:
"It is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards east or west; but it is righteousness to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, the Book and the Messengers." (Soorah 2:177)
He also said:
"The Messenger believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, as do the believers. Each one (of them) believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. (They say) 'We make no distinction between one another of His Messengers.' And they say, 'We hear and we obey. We seek Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the end of all journeys." (Soorah 2:285)
He further says:
"O you who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and the Scripture which He sent to His Messenger (i.e., the Qur’aan) and the Scripture which He sent to those before (him) any who disbelieves in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers and the Last Day has indeed gone far, far astray." (Soorah 4:136)
"Know you not that Allah knows all that is in the heaven and on the earth? Verily, it is (all) in the Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfaz), Verily, that is easy for Allah." (Soorah 22:70)
The authentic Prophetic traditions clearly stating these articles are also innumerable. We cite the following tradition as an example. Muslim reported in his Sahih on the authority of 'Umar bin Al-Khattab that when Jibril asked the Prophet r about Faith, he said:
"Iman or Faith, is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and to believe in Destiny, the good of it and the bad of it."
This tradition has also been reported by Al-Bukhari on the authority of Abu Hurairah. From these articles emanate all that a Muslim should believe with regard to Allah's Right, the Day of Judgment and all matters pertaining to the Unseen World.
Belief in Allah
Belief in Allah signifies that Allah is the true God Who Alone deserves to be worshipped, as He is the Creator and the Sustainer of all human beings. It also signifies that He is also fully aware of their secret and open words and deeds and is Able to reward the righteous and punish the disobedient. In fact, Allah created mankind and the jinn for the sole reason to worship Him Alone. As the Qur’aan says:
"And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). I seek not any provision from them (i.e., provision for themselves or for My creatures) nor do I ask that they should feed Me (i.e., feed themselves or My creatures). Verily, Allah is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong." (Soorah 51 : 56-58)And He said:
"O mankind! Worship your Lord, Who created you and those who came before you that you may become righteous. Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down rain from the sky, and brought forth therewith fruits as provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know that He Alone has the right to be worshipped." (Soorah 2:21,22)Allah sent the Messengers and sent down the Books to clarify this Truth, call to it and warn against all that which contradicts it. The Qur’aan says:
"And verily, we have sent among every Ummah a Messenger, (with the command), 'Worship Allah (Alone) and avoid (or Keep away from) At-Taghut (i.e., all false deities)." (Soorah 16:36)
"And We did not send any Messenger before you but we revealed to them (saying): La Ilaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I, So worship Me." (Soorah 21:25)
"(This is) a Book, the Verses whereof are perfected and then explained in detail from One (Allah), Who is All-Wise and Well-Acquainted (with all things): (Saying) worship none but Allah. Verily, I (Muhammad) am unto you from Him a warner and a bringer of glad tidings." (Soorah 11:1,2)The reality of 'worship' mentioned in the above-mentioned Verses is to direct all one s acts to Allah Alone. These include, amongst other things, supplications, fear and hope, prayers, fasting, making sacrifices and taking vows. These should be done in total submission to His Will, fearing His chastisement and hoping for His Mercy as well as displaying love for Him. Many Verses of the Qur'aan clearly state this Islamic fundamental. The Qur’aan says:
"Verily, We have sent down the Book to you in truth: so worship Allah (Alone), offering Him sincere devotion. Surely, sincere devotion (worship) is due to Allah Alone." (Soorah 39:2,3)
"And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him." (Soorah 17:23)
“So, call upon Allah with sincere devotion, making your worship pure for Him (Alone)” (Soorah 40:14) Al-Bukhari and Muslim also report on the authority of Mu’adh who said, that the Prophet said:
“Allah’s right upon His slaves is that they should worship Him Alone and not to associate anyone with Him in worship.”
Belief in Allah also necessitates the belief in all the apparent obligations including the five pillars of Islam, namely the declaration that none is worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad r is His Messenger, performing prayers, paying Zakah, fasting during the month of Ramadan, and performing pilgrimage to Ka’bah in Makkah, if one can afford it.
The mast important of all these pillars is the declaration of Faith, That none has the right to he worshipped except Allah. This declaration requires offering sincere devotion to Allah Alone. Anyone who is worshipped besides Allah is but vain falsehood, as the Qur’aan says:
"That is because Allah is the Only True God, and those besides Him whom they invoke are but vain falsehood." (Soorah 22:62)We have mentioned earlier that Allah created the jinn and men to worship Him Alone and that He sent His Messengers and sent down His Books to explain this fundamental to them. Many Muslims nowadays have neglected this fundamental and have thus fallen into ignorance and have, wittingly or unwittingly, worshipped others besides Allah, hence violating this right of worship, which is His prerogative.
This belief also necessitates the belief that Allah is the Originator and Creator of the creation and that He Alone is the Disposer of their affairs with His Total Will and Absolute Knowledge. He is also the Master of the present world and the Hereafter and the Lord of the worlds. There is no creator or lord but He. He sent the Messengers and sent down the Books to call them to that which will benefit them in this world and in the Hereafter. The Qur’aan says:"Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the Guardian and Disposer of all affairs." (39: 62)
"Indeed your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then He rose over the Throne (in the manner that suits His Majesty). He covers the night with the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) are subjected to His Commandment. Surely, His is the creation and the commandment. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of the worlds." (Soorah 7:54)Belief in Allah also necessitates the belief in His Beautiful Names and Lofty Attributes that are clearly stated in the Qur'aan and are authentically mentioned by His Prophet Muhammad r. We should believe in all His Attributes without changing them, completely ignoring them, twisting their meanings, or claiming that they resemble human attributes. Rather, we should believe in these Attributes and describe Allah in a manner that suits His Majesty and Grandeur, for none of His creatures resembles Him in any way.
The Qur’aan says:"There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer." (Soorah 42: 11)"Invent not similitudes for Allah. Truly, Allah knows and you know not." (Soorah 16:74) Such is the creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah, the Companions of the Prophet and those who follow in their footsteps. Imam Abu Al-Hasan Al-Ash'arI mentioned this creed in his book 'A1-Maqalat 'an Ashabil-Hadithi wa Ahlis-Sunnah. '
Other leading scholars have also mentioned this true creed in their works. Imam A1-Awza said:
"Az-ZuhrI and Makhul were inquired about the Verses which talk about Allah' s Attributes and they replied, 'Leave them as they are." That is, do not interpret them. Al-Walid bin Muslim said:
"Malik, A1-Awza'i, Al-Laith bin Sa'd, and Sufyan Ath-Thawri, may Allah have mercy upon them, were asked about the narration concerning Allah's Attributes, and they all said to believe in them all without interpreting their meanings." Al-Awza'i said:
"We used to say in the presence of At-Tabi'un, the successors of the Prophet's Companions, that Allah is over His Throne, and we believed in all the Prophetic traditions concerning Allah's Attributes."
When Rabi'ah bin Abu 'Abdur-Rahman, the teacher of Imam Malik, was asked about the Verse, "Allah rose over His Throne." (Soorah 7:54), he replied:"Allah's rising over the Throne is not to be denied, to imagine the manner in which this is done is impossible, the Message is from Allah, the Prophet conveyed this Message, and we have to believe in it as it is."
When Imam Malik himself was inquired about the manner in which Allah rose over the Throne, he replied: "Allah's action of rising over the Throne is known, the manner in which this was done is not known, the belief in this matter is obligatory, and inquiring about this manner is an innovation in religion, or Bid'ah."
Then he addressed the inquirer thus, "You are but an evil person." Then he asked people around him to send him out. Umm Salamah, the Prophet's wife, is reported to have made the same statement.
Imam Abu 'Abdur-Rahman 'Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak said in this connection: "We know that our Lord, Glorious is He, is over His Throne and over His heavens, distinct from His creation."
The religious scholars have written so much on this subject that it is impossible to quote them all in this treatise. Whoever is interested to find out more about this subject can refer to works written by scholars of Sunnah in this regard. These include, among other things, 'Abdullah bin Imam Ahmad's As-Sunnah, Muhammad bin Khuzaimah's At-TawhId, Abul Qasim At-Tabari's As-Sunnah. One can also refer to Imam Ibn Taimiyyah's reply to the people of Hamat, Syria, in which he delineated the belief of Ahius-Sunnah. He also included in this reply the statements of Ahlus-Sunnah as well as logical and textual evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah supporting their position and exposing their opponents' opinions. He also dealt with the subject in his treatise known as Ar-Risalatu At-Tadmiriyyah in which he cited the belief of Ahlus-Sunnah along with logical and textual evidence from the Qur'aan and the Sunnah, leaving no room for argument for the objective seekers of Truth.
Whoever adopts other than the position of Ahius-Sunnah as to the issue of Allah's Names and Attributes will certainly contravene massive logical and textual evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.
Ahlus-Sunnah have confirmed all the Names and Attributes that Allah confirmed for Himself either in the Qur'aan or through the authentic traditions of the Prophet !, without changing them completely, twisting their meaning, ignoring
them or likening them to those of His creatures. They have taken into account all possible proofs and have thus avoided falling into obvious contradictions. It is Allah's Plan to make the argument of those objective and sincere seekers of the Truth supreme:
"Nay, We hurl the Truth against falsehood, and it destroys it, and behold, falsehood is vanished." (Soorah 21:18)
"And no question do they bring to you but We reveal to you the Truth and the best explanation (thereof)." (Soorah 25:33)
Commenting on the Verse:
"Indeed your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then He rose over the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty)." (Soorah 7:54)The renowned exegete of the Qur’aan, or Mufassir, Al-Hafiz Ibn KathIr said:
"People in this regard adopt far too many different opinions, which are not possible to cite here. However, we adopt in this regard the position of (the righteous predecessors), As-Salaf-us-Salih, past and present, such as Malik, Al-Awza'i, Ath-Thawri, Al-Laith bin Sa'd, Ash-Shafi'i, Ahmad and Ishaq bin Rahwaih. They all believed in Allah's Attributes without twisting their meanings, ignoring them completely, or likening them to those of His creatures."
And whatever image comes to our minds about Allah should be rejected, for "there is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer." (Soorah 42:11) Nu'aim Al-Khuza'i, the teacher of Imam A1-Bukhari, said:
Whoever likens Allah to His creatures is a disbeliever, and whoever denies the Attributes that Allah ascribes to Himself is a disbeliever. It is impossible to liken Allah to any of His Creatures. Guided are those who confirm to Allah the Attributes, in a manner suiting His Majesty, mentioned in the clear Qur’aanic Verses and authentic Prophetic traditions and rejects all blemishes as to Allah's Attributes."
Belief in the Angels
A Muslim should believe in all Allah's angels, whom He created to worship Him and whom He describes as "honored slaves." (Soorah 21 :26) and that:"He knows what is before them, and what is behind them, and they cannot intercede except for him with whom He is pleased. And they stand in awe for fear of Him." (Soorah 21:28)
The angels fall into different categories and they are assigned different duties. There are, amongst others, those who bear the Throne of Allah (Soorah 40:7), those who guard Paradise and Hell, and those who record the slave's deeds, to mention but a few.
A Muslim should believe in those whom Allah named such as Jibril (Gabriel), Mika'il, Malik the Guardian of Hell-fire, and Israfil, who is in charge of blowing in the Trumpet.
'Aishah reported that the Prophet said: "The angels were created from light, the jinn were created from a smokeless flame of fire, and Adam was created from what has been described to you." (Muslim)
Belief in the Books
A Muslim should believe that Allah had sent down Books upon His Prophets and Messengers to clarify His Right and to call to it, as the Qur’aan says:
"Indeed We have sent Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance (Justice) that mankind may keep up justice." (Soorah 57:25)
"Mankind were one community and Allah sent Prophets with glad tidings and warnings, and with them He sent the Scripture in truth to judge between people in matters wherein they differed." (Soorah 2:2 13)
A Muslim should also believe in the Revealed Books that Allah named, such as the Torah, the Gospel, the Psalms, and the Qur’aan. The Glorious Qur’aan is the final and the best of all these Books. It confirms the Scriptures that came before it and is a witness over it, testifying the truth and falsifying the falsehood therein. All Muslims should follow its commands, shun its prohibitions and refer to its rulings to settle their differences. They should also follow the authentic Sunnah of the Prophet r because Allah sent Muhammad r to both the jinn and mankind and sent down the Noble Qur’aan to judge between them. He also made it a healing for the diseases, such as hypocrisy, ignorance and doubt, an exposition of everything, and a guidance and mercy for those who believe. The Qur’aan says:"And this is a Book (i.e., the Qur’aan) which We have sent down as a blessing, so follow it and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy." (Soorah 6: 155)
"And We have sent down to you the Book (i.e., the Qur’aan) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings to Muslims." (Soorah 16:89)
"Say (O Muhammad): 'O mankind! I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah, to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth there is no God worthy of worship but He; it is He Who gives life and causes death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e., Muhammad r), who believes in Allah and His Words: follow him that you may be guided." (Soorah 7:158)
The Qur’aanic Verses to this effect are many.
Belief in the Messengers
A Muslim should believe in all Allah's Messengers without exception. He must believe that Allah sent mankind Messengers from amongst them as warners, bearers of glad tidings, and callers to the Truth. Whoever follows them will certainly attain bliss and happiness, and whoever disobeys them will be doomed and disgraced. Muhammad r was the best of all these Messengers. Allah says:
"And assuredly We have sent amongst every people a Messenger (proclaiming), ' Worship Allah (Alone) and avoid the worship of Taghut (false deities)." (Soorah 16:36)
"Messengers who gave good news as well as warning in order that mankind should have no plea against Allah after the Messengers." (Soorah 4:165)
"Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the last of the Prophets." (Soorah 33:40)
A Muslim should also believe in those Prophets and Messengers that Allah or His Messenger was authentically reported to have named, such as Nüh, Hud, Salih, and Ibrahim – alaihum as-salaam